Health surveys provide a glimpse into the population’s state of health by gathering important information necessary for planning and programming the services offered in the Nunavik health and social services network.
- QANUIPPITAA? National Inuit Health Survey
- QANUILIRPITAA? 2017
- QANUIPPITAA? 2004
- Santé Québec Survey1992
Jointly with Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK), the four regions of Inuit Nunangat (Inuvialuit, Nunavut, Nunavik and Nunatsiavut) and Makivik Corporation, the Nunavik Regional Board of Health and Social Services (NRBHSS) is currently developing and organizing a health survey planned for Nunavik in the fall 2021. That survey, independent of the one in 2004, will be conducted every five years and will be entirely headed by Inuit.
Meaning: Where are we now? / How are we now?
In 2014, the NRBHSS authorized a second large-scale survey similar to the one in 2004, the fruit of an important partnership between the regional organizations, the Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ), and Laval, McGill and Trent Universities.
After a number of years of planning, preparation and consultation, on August 17, 2017, a team of roughly 40 persons including researchers, medical experts, laboratory technicians and NRBHSS employees set out for the community of Kuujjuaraapik on board the scientific research vessel Amundsen to launch the survey.
Over seven weeks, the research team visited each of the 14 communities, filling out health questionnaires and performing clinical tests. A total of 1,326 Nunavimmiut, over the age of 16, from the various communities took part in the survey.
The Amundsen made its first stop in Kuujjuaraapik and from there continued to the communities of Umiujaq, Inukjuak, Puvirnituq, Akulivik, Ivujivik, Salluit, Kangiqsujuaq, Quaqtaq, Kangirsuk, Aupaluk, Tasiujaq, and Kangiqsualujjuaq, ending its journey in Kuujjuaq on October 5, 2017.
Three components of the survey
- The adult component documented the state of mental and physical health of adults in 2017 and followed up with the adults of the Qanuippitaa? 2004 cohort.
- The youth component made up the new cohort of data on the mental and physical health of Nunavimmiut aged 16 to 30 years.
- The third component—community—established the health profiles and assets of each community according to an approach of participative research.
The survey results shed light on the importance that Inuit place on traditional values, culture and environment while maintaining good health.
Social, Cultural, Mental Health and Wellness
Living Conditions and Environment
Meaning: How are we? / How are we doing?
The NRBHSS launched the Qanuippitaa? 2004 survey with the objective of drawing up an overall profile of the health of Nunavik Inuit. Coordinated by the INSPQ jointly with Laval University, the survey enabled the gathering of data on new components affecting the population’s health and well-being such as the environment, nutrition & eating habits, lifestyle, psychological well-being and so forth.
A Health Profile of the Inuit
After the first general Province-wide health survey of 1987, which excluded Nunavik’s Inuit population, the ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux (MSSS) authorized a general health survey for Inuit of Nunavik at the request of the NRBHSS, known at the time as the Kativik Regional Council of Health and Social Services (KRCHSS).